The positive effect of comprehensive health systems on health outcomes, economic growth and well-being is generally acknowledged, just as of representative policies, scientific-based decisions and trust relationships on social cohesion and respect for political and civil rights in health. Not surprisingly, health policies have become more aligned with the needs of different social groups (e.g. migrants, ethnic minorities, women, LGBT) and of specific medical conditions (e.g. HIV, mental and age-related diseases). Regulators interfere more and more in professional work models and decisions to better control health systems performance and to enhance transparency, but so do empowered citizens in the defence of their rights as patients. Scientific knowledge is often called upon to improve the governance of health systems by providing clinical protocols and guidelines with evidence on effectiveness and efficiency. In short, it is long established that rights, knowledge, and trust stand closely together as related key dimensions in health.
However, events such as the ongoing global warming, the latest financial and economic crisis, or the increasing number of refugees have contributed to the growth of health inequalities in the 21st century, failures in the expected functioning of health systems, and disrespect for the strengthened political and civil rights. Health professionals have continued to play a key mediation role between evidence and users despite professional values, commitment and ethics are under growing criticism, hence a seemingly contradictory link between distrust of and dependence on expert knowledge. This paradox coexists with market-driven dynamics in which users are turned into consumers and, together with professionals, they are made accountable for individual decisions. The diversity of scientific and lay rationalities makes the different knowledge rather difficult to reconcile, and the expectation of certainty in evidence-based truth is virtually unattainable. More established health care professions and emerging actors including the so-named complementary and alternative practitioners compete for their own place in the production of truths, while empowered citizens claim the right to decide freely on important events concerning their lives regardless of experts’ evidence (e.g. death and birth). The role of private investors in R&D is also still not entirely clear with regard to public regulation and science agenda setting.
Therefore, recent social, political and economic transformations not only highlight that old tensions in health have persisted over time but also testify to the rise of new paradoxes linking rights, knowledge and trust, thus requiring renewed attention and discussion.
The call for abstracts to the European Society for Health and Medical Sociology (ESHMS) 17th Biennial Conference is now open.
Submissions that address the overall issue of tensions and paradoxes in health, notably those related to rights, knowledge, and trust are welcome. Click here for full information on the conference theme, including the list of available sessions.
Abstract submission is only online through the platform:
– Abstract submission opening: September 1, 2017
– Abstract submission deadline: December 15, 2017
– Abstracts acceptance notification: February 1, 2018
– Notification of presentation day, time and room: April 16, 2018
– Authors registration deadline: April 30, 2018
For more details, please see: https://eshms2018.
Conference website: https://eshms2018.