Technological risks have their origin in the continuous increase of tools and technological applications that do not have an adequate security management. Its implementation in organizations, in society or in public institutions is due to the fact that technology is the means of threats and attacks because of existing vulnerabilities due to inappropriate protection measures and their constant change, factors that make each more difficult to keep these security measures updated.
The technological risk can be seen from three aspects, first at the level of the technological infrastructure (hardware or physical level), secondly at the logical level (risks associated with software, information and information systems) and finally the risk derived from misuse of the above factors, which corresponds to the human factor as a third level. There is a need to consider the potential risk of using new technologies and materials where their potential impact on both people and the environment may be unknown. As with working with many unknowns, a risk assessment needs to be employed.