Full professor at the Department of Cultures, Politics and Society at the University of Turin, where he teaches Qualitative Methods for Social Research, Research Methodology, Sociology of Health and Logic Design Social Research: Qualitative Methods, in the PhD - administered jointly with the University of Milan - in Sociology and Methodology of Social Research. He also directs the Qualitative Research LAB in the same department.
His research interests mainly concern two intertwined topics, the relationship between health and society, and the methods and the epistemologies of qualitative research, on which he published more that one hundred works. The first thematic area includes the studies on health inequalities, mainly carried out in an international context and within multidisciplinary teams of sociologists and social epidemiologists. More recently, his attention has focused on mental health, through the study of illness narratives and the coercive practices in psychiatry. The second thematic area refers to studies and research carried out to define a specific form of rigour applicable to qualitative research. In this direction, move his more recent studies in the field of theory of argumentation, whose main results are gathered in two books published in 2020, at first in English, Defending Qualitative Research (Routledge), then in Italian Argomenti per la ricerca qualitativa (il Mulino). In both the research fields, sociology of health and qualitative research, Mario Cardano published many essays and books (see: https://scholar.google.com/citations?user=gvc5k_QAAAAJ&hl=en ).
Mario Cardano is part of the board of four sociological journals: Rassegna Italiana di Sociologia (whose was the director for the triennium 2010-2012), Journal of Nursing and Health (Brazil), and Studies in Social Wellbeing. An Open Access Journal" (Malta), and, for the triennium 2020-2022, is part of the editorial staff of Sociologia Italiana: AIS Journal of Sociology.
Mario Cardano has been reviewer for numerous national and international journals including Polis; Sociologia e Ricerca Sociale; Sociologica; Salute e Società; Quaderni di Sociologia; Etnografia e Ricerca Qualitativa; Social Sciences & Medicine; health: An Interdisciplinary Journal for the Social Study of Health Illness and Medicine; Journal of Happiness Studies; Visual Anthropology; Social Compass; Archives of Psychiatric Nursing.
He has been principal investigator in two national research projects, one on biographical transitions, the other on coercive practices in psychiatry. He is currently involved in a research programme Horizon 2020 VAX-TRUST - Addressing vaccine hesitancy in Europe (965280), led by Pia Vuolanto (University of Tampere) involving ten European universities and research institutions: the Italian universities of Turin and Cassino, Tampere University (Finland), Universiteit Gent (Belgium), Uniwersytet Jagiellonski (Poland), Instituto De Ciencias Sociais (Portugal), Univerzita Karlova (Czech Republic), Universidade Nova de Lisboa (Portugal), The University of Nottingham (United Kingdom), Terveyden Ja Hyvinvoinnin Laitos (Finland).
Mario Cardano has been visiting scholar at the Labour Study Department of the McMaster University of Hamilton, Ontario, Canada in 1997; visiting professor at the Department of Sociology of the Goldsmiths College in London 2007; and at the Departemento de Enfermagem of the Brazilian universities of Pelotas and of Ribeirão Preto in 2017 and in 2019.